A denture is an artificial substitute for missing natural teeth and adjacent structures.
A dental prosthesis that replaces all the natural teeth and their associated maxillary and mandibular structures are known as full dentures. Full dentures, or complete dentures, are a removable prosthesis that is custom made, to replace missing teeth thus they can help return your chewing function, fill out your appearance, and leave you feeling more confident to smile.
The traditional full denture is held in the mouth by forming a seal with the gums. The denture teeth and base are normally made from acrylic.
Partial dentures are similar but only used to replace some teeth, whilst a complete denture is a replacement for the full set. A removable partial denture replaces one or more, but not all, of the natural teeth and associated structures and is supported by the teeth and or soft tissue gums.
Partial dentures can either be made with a plastic/acrylic base or a metal framework that supports the number of teeth that need to be replaced. It is held in the mouth by using clasps and rests that are carefully adapted around the natural teeth. The partial denture that uses a metal framework is the traditional design, due to the rigidity and strength of the metal. Recently, however, various materials such as Thermoplastics have been developed to provide durable, flexible alternatives in certain situations.
The process of making a new set of dentures starts by taking a series of impressions or molds of the oral tissues that will support the denture with a set of stock impression trays, we then will use these impressions to make models of your mouth. The prosthetist will then start making the dentures on these models and transferring them to the patient’s mouth at each step to ensure proper fit, establish a proper bite, and ensure that the appearance and aesthetics of the denture are desirable. The patient will generally need to be seen by the prosthetist once a week for about 4 to 5 weeks until the denture is complete. The patient may need to return occasionally during the first month after the denture has been fitted to have adjustments made as the soft tissue may rub against the hard acrylic in some areas where there is movement.